Unemployment takes center stage amid Parliament security breach: What the data says about India’s unemployment

 – Gudstory

Unemployment takes center stage amid Parliament security breach: What the data says about India’s unemployment – Gudstory

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As the security breach at Parliament gained attention this week, the incident also put the issue of unemployment in India in the spotlight. According to reports, the six people accused of security violations were in Parliament to protest over a range of issues including unemployment.

NDTV quoted sources as saying that five of the six accused told the police that they were troubled by issues like unemployment, farmers’ distress and Manipur violence. As more information and developments in the case emerged, media reports suggested that at least four of the six accused were unemployed at the time of the incident.

The mother of Neelam, one of the accused, said that her daughter was upset over not getting a job. Neelam’s mother said, “She used to tell me that she is very qualified but she has no job.” Meanwhile, her brother said that Neelam has “passed BA, MA, B.Ed, M.Ed, CTET, M.Phil and NET”.

Another accused, Amol Shinde, who reportedly wanted to join the army or police, “seemed frustrated at being unemployed,” The Times of India quoted his father as saying. The report said the third accused in the case, “engineer” Manoranjan, was “unemployed by choice”.

The fourth person, Sagar Sharma, is said to be an e-rickshaw driver. According to TOI report, he was driving a rented e-rickshaw for the last three months. It said Sharma completed his higher secondary education in Lucknow, “but could not pursue further studies due to financial constraints”.

What do India’s unemployment numbers look like?

In a written reply in the Lok Sabha during the Winter Session 2023 on December 11, Minister of State for Labor and Employment Rameshwar Teli shared data to confirm that “there is a year-on-year declining trend in the unemployment rate in the country.”

Citing the “latest available” Annual Periodic Labor Force Survey (PLFS), the minister said “the projected unemployment rate (UR) at normal situation for persons aged 15 years and above in the country during the period 2018-19 to 2022 )- 23 are as follows:”

Year Unemployment Rate (in%)
2018-19 5.8
2019-20 4.8
2020-21 4.2
2021-22 4.1
2022-23 3.2

(Source: PLFS, MOSPI)

Education level-wise unemployment: According to the data shared by the minister and received from PLFS and Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation (MOSP), the level of unemployment among graduates during 2022-23 was the highest at 13.4 per cent.

level of education
not literate 0.2
literate and up to primary 0.5
Middle 1.7
secondary 2.2
higher secondary 4.6
Diploma/Certificate Course 12.2
Graduate 13.4
Post Graduate and above 12.1
All 3.2

(Source: PLFS, MOSPI)

Meanwhile, according to the PLFS (2022-23) report, 55.8 per cent of graduates (aged 15 and above) in India were employed during July 2022-June 2023.

Employment rates according to different levels of education

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Employment rates according to different levels of education (PLFS)

Employment-to-Population Ratio or Worker Population Ratio (WPR): The worker-population ratio is defined as the percentage of employed persons in the population.

According to the data, the WPR has been increasing over time, recording 56 per cent in 2022-2023, up from 52.9 per cent in 2021-22 and 52.6 per cent in 2020-21, among people aged 15 and above. .

Year WPR(in%)
2018-19 47.3
2019-20 50.9
2020-21 52.6
2021-22 52.9
2022-23 56

Employment among youth: While year-on-year data shows an upward trend, according to PLFS data, only 40.1 per cent of the population in the 15-29 years (youth) age group in India was employed between July 2022 and June 2023.

According to the PLFS report, the youth (age 15-29 years) unemployment rate declined from 17.8 per cent in 2017-18 to 10 per cent in 2022-23, while the youth labor force participation rate (LFPR) increased from 38.2 per cent. It increased to 44.5 percent during this period.

Gender-wise unemployment: In another reply in the Rajya Sabha on December 14, Teli pointed out that the estimated unemployment rate for women aged 15 and above has declined over three years. The minister said it was 3.5 percent during 2020-21, 3.3 percent during 2021-22 and 2.9 percent during 2022-23.

Periodic Labor Force Survey Report

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Periodic Labor Force Survey Report (MOSPI)

The unemployment rate among urban women (aged 15 and above) was higher at 7.5 percent compared to men. However, when combining data for urban and rural women versus men, the unemployment rate among women (2.9 percent) was lower than that of men (3.3 percent).

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Published: 14 Dec 2023, 10:30 PM IST

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